The problem of smoking tobacco is always on hearing. The media reported on the need for and various activities to combat addictions. But despite the fact that literally everyone, adults and children, are aware of the harm of this, the anti-tobacco law has been enforced, the problem remains relevant and topical for the entire population.
If a person has firmly decided to fight this addiction, then the question naturally arises before him, what helps to stop smoking?
Many people want, with a minimum of effort, to get the maximum result without any consequences, in a short time. And to do this, try to find the most effective pill for stop smoking. This article explores what is nicotine addiction and how to deal with it with medications.
The inhalation of cigarette smoke can be either active or passive.
The second one brings no less damage to a non-smoker. There is scientific evidence on the growth of oncology in the wives of inveterate smokers. Confirmed the fact that the children of smoking parents have a significant decrease in intelligence, compared with peers whose parents do not smoke.
The effect of tobacco smoking on the body is as follows:
Reduction of blood saturation with oxygen, and as a consequence development of chronic oxygen starvation (hypoxia);
Increased stress on the heart, which pumps oxygen-depleted blood;
Participation in pathological processes of atherosclerosis (the direct cause of heart attacks and strokes);
Violation of the vascular tone, damage to their walls, a negative effect on the coagulation system;
When the vessels that feed the lower limbs are damaged, the lack of their blood supply develops, which leads to intermittent claudication and gangrene;
Adverse effects on the nervous system (headaches, irritability, memory loss, mood imbalance, high fatigue);
Increasing toxic effect leads to a stroke;
Damage to the peripheral nerves predetermines the development of neuritis (inflammation of nerve fibers);
Participation in the development of tracheitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, malignant tumors of the respiratory system;
The main cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema, which lead to respiratory failure;
The ingestion of nicotine and resins in the gastrointestinal tract causes erosion, ulcers and cancer of the stomach, pancreas and gallbladder;
Provoking the onset of diabetes mellitus;
Development and progression of erectile dysfunction in men;
Influence on appearance (skin is dry and wrinkled, dull and brittle hair, yellow fingers, multiple caries of teeth).
Even the term "smoker's face" exists in medicine; Increased predisposition to osteoporosis (impoverishment, brittle bones), which increases the likelihood of fractures, including the neck of the thigh, which in old age can cause immobility.
Smoking in women causes not only all the above pathologies, but also negatively affects reproductive function. Toxic and carcinogenic substances of cigarettes, including "light", contribute to infertility, habitual miscarriage, miscarriages.
And during pregnancy, nicotine intoxication leads to a delay in fetal development, pathology of the nervous system, fetal death.
Given the above, one can understand how to help the body after quitting smoking. And besides social and financial benefits, a person can regain lost health and prevent inevitable complications of tobacco use.
Before you start to find out what drugs are most effective against smoking, you need to understand the concept of dependence on cigarettes.
It is worth noting that smoking tobacco, does not always mean that a person has formed nicotine dependence - the physical and psychological need for systematic exposure to nicotine in the body.
Regular intake of toxin into the blood leads to drug addiction, along with alcoholism, substance abuse, and drug use.
Getting into the body and penetrating the brain, nicotine combines with the receptors located there. As a result, a substance of "pleasure" is released - dopamine, which has a stimulating effect on the nervous system. Hence there is a reflex "smoked - enjoyed".
Possible symptoms of dependence:
The craving for smoking is insurmountable;
The pressure decreases;
Disturbing headaches, weakness;
Dissatisfaction, aggressiveness, irritability;
Problems with concentration of attention;
Reduction of palpitations;
Cough for no reason;
Mental dependence is made up of the usual actions that are associated with smoking a cigarette, in the memory of a person (waiting for transport, driving, "smoking" at work). It was during the period when a constant craving for cigarettes formed, a person starts to think about whether it's time to quit smoking. Along with the various ways to get rid of the habit, medications for the treatment of nicotine addiction will help.
All the best drugs for stop smoking, aimed at combating the addiction, are divided into three groups:
1. Nicotine replacement products;
2. Nicotinic receptor agonists - prevent nicotine cigarettes from interacting with brain receptors;
Our article will help you decide what is the best remedy to help stop smoking.
Zyban - is one of the most popular and effective medicines in the fight against smoking.
The main active substance is Bupropion.
This drug refers to the class of antidepressants.
It affects the brain structures responsible for the production of dopamine.
This action reduces the painful sense of deprivation that persecutes the person quitting smoking.
Receiving Zyban starts a week from the proposed date of quitting, this will help reduce the manifestation of cancellation.